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Um Choque Cultural na Antiguidade

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Um Choque Cultural na Antiguidade

Há 2.600 anos, três jovens, Sadraque, Mesaque e Abede-Nego, enfrentaram uma crise cultural, quando foram ordenados a demonstrar respeito a um deus falso.

Depois de sua terra natal, Judá, ter sido conquistada pelo Império Babilônico, os três foram levados à Babilônia, para serem treinados para servir ao governo do rei Nabucodonosor (Daniel 1:1-7 Daniel 1:1-7 [1] In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to Jerusalem, and besieged it. [2] And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god. [3] And the king spoke to Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes; [4] Children in whom was no blemish, but well favored, and skillful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans. [5] And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king. [6] Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: [7] To whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave to Daniel the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abednego.
American King James Version×
). Eles estavam numa posição vulnerável num reino em que o monarca governava com poder absoluto.

O rei tinha construído uma imagem idólatra de ouro e ordenou que todos prestassem honra à sua criação, ajoelhando-se diante da estátua (Daniel 3:1-7 Daniel 3:1-7 [1] Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height was three score cubits, and the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. [2] Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the princes, the governors, and the captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, to come to the dedication of the image which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up. [3] Then the princes, the governors, and captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counsellors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, were gathered together to the dedication of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up; and they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set up. [4] Then an herald cried aloud, To you it is commanded, O people, nations, and languages, [5] That at what time you hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of music, you fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king has set up: [6] And whoever falls not down and worships shall the same hour be cast into the middle of a burning fiery furnace. [7] Therefore at that time, when all the people heard the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and all kinds of music, all the people, the nations, and the languages, fell down and worshipped the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.
American King James Version×
). Embora alguns possam ter arrazoado que devem demonstrar respeito ao governante, aceitando alguns dos seus costumes, Sadraque, Mesaque e Abede-Nego estavam determinados a demonstrar respeito somente a Deus e se recusaram a cumprir o decreto.

Eles sabiam que, por sua decisão, estavam correndo o risco de serem jogados no “forno de fogo ardente” (versículos 6, 12-15), mas permaneceram firmes em sua convicção. Quando o momento da decisão chegou, o rei ordenou-lhes pessoalmente que demonstrassem respeito à sua imagem idólatra, então eles responderam: “Rei Nabucodonosor: Não necessitamos de te responder sobre este negócio. Eis que o nosso Deus, a quem nós servimos, é que nos pode livrar; ele nos livrará do forno de fogo ardente e da tua mão, ó rei. E, se não, fica sabendo, ó rei, que não serviremos a teus deuses nem adoraremos a estátua de ouro que levantaste” (versículos 16-18).

Estes jovens corajosos estavam dispostos a entregar suas vidas, se necessário, para demonstrar lealdade a Deus. Por se agradar da devoção deles, Deus poupou suas vidas num poderoso e milagroso testemunho a Nabucodonosor (versículos 19-30). A fé e a fidelidade desses jovens continuam sendo um exemplo perene de respeito a Deus. O exemplo deles tem que servir de inspiração a todos nós para honrarmos ao nosso Criador para que possamos ter igual lealdade e dedicação.